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|Molar mass||108.18 g/mol|
|Appearance||clear colorless liquid|
|Density||0.882 g/ml, liquid|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for|
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
1,5-Cyclooctadiene can be prepared by dimerization of 1-butene in the presence of a nickel catalyst.
1,5-COD binds to metals in as a bis η2 ligand, meaning that it is attached to the metal center via both alkene groups. Complexes of the form M(cod)2, where M is Ni, Pd, or Pt (see image below), are often used as starting materials for the synthesis of these complexes. Metal-COD complexes are attractive because they are sufficiently stable to be isolated but the COD ligands are easily displaced by other ligands. These complexes are more stable than related ethylene complexes. The stability of COD complexes is attributable to the chelate effect.
- 1/3 [Ni(C5H7O2)2]3 + 2 COD + 2 Al(C2H5)3 → Ni(COD)2 + 2 Al(C2H5)2(C5H7O2) + C2H4 + C2H6
- 2 Li + C8H8 → Li2C8H8
- Li2C8H8 + PtCl2(COD) + 3 C7H10 → [Pt(C7H10)3] + 2 LiCl + C8H8 + C8H12
- Pt(C7H10)3 + 2 COD → Pt(COD)2 + 3 C7H10
Uses of M(COD)2
Extensive work has been reported on complexes of COD, much of which can has been described in Inorganic Syntheses volumes 25, 26 and 28. The platinum complex has been used in many syntheses:
- Pt(COD)2 + 3 C2H4 → Pt(C2H4)3 + 2 COD
COD complexes are useful as starting materials, one noteworthy example is the reaction:
- Ni(cod)2 + 4 CO(g) Ni(CO)4 + 2 COD
The product Ni(CO)4 is highly toxic, thus it is advantageous to generate it in the reaction vessel as opposed to being dispensed directly.
Complexes with other metals
Many low-valent metals form stable complexes with COD, examples being Mo(COD)(CO)4, [RuCl2(COD)]n, and Fe(COD)(CO)3. COD is an especially important in the coordination chemistry of rhodium(I) and iridium(I), examples being Crabtree's catalyst and cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer. The square planar complexes [M(COD)2]+ are known (M = Rh, Ir).
COD forms in a two-step reaction with first disulfur dichloride and then sulfuryl chloride the compound 2,6-dichloro-9-thiabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane which can be further modified as the di-azide or di-cyano derivative in a nucleophilic substitution aided by anchimeric assistance.
- Buehler, C; Pearson, D.Survey of Organic Syntheses. Wiley-Intersciene, New York. 1970.
- Shriver, D; Atkins, P.Inorganic Chemistry. W. H. Freeman and Co., New York. 1999.
- Schunn, R; Ittel, S., "Bis(1,5-Cyclooctadiene) Nickel(0)", Inorganic Syntheses volume 28, 1990
- Crascall, L; Spencer, J., "Bis(1,5-Cyclooctadiene) Platinum(0)", Inorganic Syntheses, 1990, volume 28.
- 2,6-Dichloro-9-thiabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane: Multigram Display of Azide and Cyanide Components on a Versatile Scaffold Molecules 2006, 11, 212-218 Online article